IELTS Writing Task 1: Employment Rates by Country

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The bar chart below shows the percentages of men and women in employment in three countries in 2005 and 2012.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words:

Writing Task 1 Bar graph QuestionsWriting Task 1 Bar graph Question

Model Answer:

The two graphs show the percentages of men and women working in three countries between 2005 and 2012. In general, we can see that the percentages of working people increased, with women showing the greatest increase.

In all of the nations studied, and in both years, the number of men employed outnumbered the number of women. Japan has the greatest rate of male employment, around 75% in 2005, climbing slightly to around 78% in 2015, while the UK has the lowest, slightly more than 60% in 2005 and 70% in 2012.

In all of the countries studied throughout the two years, women outnumber males in the labour force. It was less than 50% everywhere in 2005, but by 2012, the figures had climbed. In the United Kingdom, more than half of the women worked, while in the United States, the proportion was exactly 50%. In contrast, only over 35% of Japanese women worked, compared to a ratio that was more than double for men, at over 70%.

Vocabulary Used:

  • Employment
  • Slightly
  • Outnumbered
  • Nations
  • Contrast
  • Figures
  • Increased
  • Greatest
  • Climbing
  • Labour
  • Compared
  • More than Double
  • Portion

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